Roman residential maritime villa, Pomer

During the construction of the ACI marina near cape Munat in Pomer, architectural and building items were found, which pointed to the remains of a Roman residential maritime villa. Many foundation walls by the sea and below sea level indicated that the villa had many rooms and that it was a large building complex with a thermal area. A corridor with two attached pillar bases led along the coast, which suggested the remains of a peristyle. In addition to these architectural remains, fragments of different frescoes were also discovered on the site, which were in a poor state of preservation. These frescoes were mainly part of a wall decoration, and the preserved fragments vary in size, the biggest being 40cm wide. The fragments mostly have line and border decoration, without figurative or other motifs, and the degree of fragmentation has not permitted more detailed analysis, which would assist with dating and reconstructing the frescoes. These architectural remains are preserved and exhibited in the marina, while the section below sea level has not been examined. By analogy with the existing segments it can be concluded that the property extended along the coast, to the west and to the east. What remained allowed a partial interpretation of the three-leaf composition of the excavated part of the Roman property, as well as part of the peristyle, and other rooms which extend into other cadastral plots of land. The cistern with a sealed source of fresh water was thoroughly researched, and part of the pier, which belonged to the villa, was found below sea level. The most representative example of archaeological remains from the destroyed part of the villa is a polychrome floor mosaic. It has been partially preserved along with remnants of the foundations of the room walls and the cistern. The mosaic is composed of black, white, yellow and pink tiles. The decorative scheme is a combination of geometric, floral, and zoological motifs, bordered by a four-stream braid with a rosette in the central field. The water tank area was plastered with waterproof mortar, and the floor was tiled with ceramic tiles (opus spicatum), and the cistern itself buried 70 cm deep into the original rock. A water spring supplied the entire complex with drinking water. Water drain canals that led to the sea were found, and some of them were paved with tiles. A Roman pier was found below sea level, which was part of the residential Roman complex. Based on the findings, two phases of construction can be determined, the first dating from the 1st century to the last quarter of the 2nd century, while the second phase dates from the last quarter of the 2nd century to the 4th century. All the research from both sites indicates that it is the same large Roman residential complex, a maritime villa which had its own private mooring.

Site Details

CODE HR-18/PoViMar
PERIOD 1st – 4th century
CREATED BY Tina Širec D┼żodan