Risan is situated in the northern part of Boka Kotorska Bay, within the area inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The territory of Risan with the littoral part originates back to the Illyrian and Hellenic - Roman period. The ancient city had a very busy port and, according to the Tabulae Peutingeriana, it was situated at the crossroads of the Roman military road leading from Epidaurus (Cavtat) to Scodra (Skadar). Roman Villa with mosaics is located in the southeast part of Risan. The unearthed complex of the villa with dimensions 38 m x 31m, comprises of a central courtyard - atrium with a row of rooms surrounding it. The walls of 15-50 cm are preserved, as well as the rooms with floor mosaics. The mosaics show artistic creativity and mastery in the six floor mosaics composed in polychrome geometrical patterns, and one with a floral pattern and the figure representation of Hypnos, god of sleep, which is quite rare in the world. This is one of the most important archaeological sites in Montenegro, as such being designated as the protected cultural monument. Its archaeological and cultural significance lies not only in the site itself, but in the fact that it presents a part of the broader cultural complex comprised of numerous and various cultural monuments, such as two important archaeological sites, underwater archaeological sites, religious architecture, residential palaces, etc. The Roman villa in Risan had 7 rooms for the family, with floors covered with mosaics and 3 small rooms supposed to be for the servants. It had 2 parts : Impluvium - a shallow pool sunken into the floor to catch rain drops, designed to carry away the rainwater coming through; Compluvium of the roof - usually made of marble and placed about 30 cm below the floor of the atrium.
Road E 80 Risan
2nd and early 3rd century AD
PERIOD OF EXCAVATION
OWNERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT
Municipality of Kotor (Tourism Organizations of Kotor)
Centro Internazionale di Documentazione sul Mosaico