Archaeological Park of Monte Sannace

The Archaeological Park of Monte Sannace was established in the late 70 's, after a long series of excavations that brought to light a large portion of the ancient settlement and its Necropolis. The site lies at the heart of the Murgia to 382 m s.l.m. The village consists of two different parts: the lower town and the Acropolis. On the latter housing structures were found placed next to megaron type, large articulated structures in most rooms, which overlook a courtyard that had a utility both private and public. It was, therefore, imposing multifunctional buildings with large rooms. The Park includes extensive settlement areas of the most important centre of Peucezia, particularly prosperous between VI and IV century BC. The first traces of human presence date back to the Neolithic age, but a stable settlement is documented starting from the end of the ninth century BC and lasted, with brief interruptions, until the Hellenistic-Roman period (Ist century AD.). In the early Iron Age, between IX and VIII century, a group of huts made of clay and straw occupies the top of the hill; other settlements were in the surrounding plain. Between the seventh and sixth centuries BC the settlement pattern changed in favor of the town as high as the center of defense and reference point for smaller nuclei. From the second half of the fourth century BC begins a new phase of urban planning, which begins with the construction of the second building circuit. This resulted in the reorganization of internal roads to the walls: the houses are oriented so as to have an input on the road, from which you pass generally to the courtyard, transition elements and at the same time of separation from the places of common use to those of private use. Finally, we must remember the monumental tombs found on the acropolis, and its walls, attributable to people of aristocratic rank. The material recovered during the excavations is partly preserved in the National Archaeological Museum located in the Norman Castle of Gioia del Colle. Among the most important ones are to mention the working tools, large containers for foodstuffs, ceramics commonly used, as well as the objects of funeral, ointment jars, figurines, pins, remains of armor and vases import.

Site Details

LOCATION Road SP 61 Gioia del Colle-Turi
PERIOD 9th BC-1th AD
OWNERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT Superintendence for the archaeological heritage of Puglia
CREATED BY Patrizia Borlizzi (SITI)